Culinary, ornamental, fodder and medicinal tree cultivated for its carobs in the Iberian Peninsula. Bonsai.
Evergreen tree up to 10m with lanceolate, dark-green leaves and red flowers without petals. The carob, its fruit, is long, brown and it has a sweet taste.
Grows on dry, stony and limestone soils under cool climates. As a xerophytic species, Carob is well adapted to the ecological conditions of the Mediterranean region. Re-sprounting species. Fruit tree.
The seeds feed the game and horses but also humans in some countries. A substitute to chocolate, liquors and fodders are made from its seeds. The wood is used in cabinet making and marquetry. It has anti fungal, astringent and anti diarrhoeal properties.