Balsam Fir is a small to medium-size evergreen tree typically 14–20 metres. The leaves are flat needle-like, dark green above often with a small patch of stomata near the tip, and two white stomatal bands below, and a slightly notched tip. The cones are erect, 40 to 80 millimetres long, dark purple, ripening brown and disintegrating to release the winged seeds in September.
It is native to northeastern United States.
Depending on the geographical areas and altitude sowing can take place from February to April. Stratify in cold the seeds for 30 days before the sowing. It is possible to use a sowing substrate for potting or soil from the garden together with a sowing substrate if the sowing is made directly into the garden. The substrate must be wet but not soggy until the germination is completed.